To React is Human; to Respond, Divine

A reaction may be defined as the execution of a template without any conscious intention or deliberate thought. As biological and social beings, we carry within ourselves a wide range of readily available templates, or patterns of action, each… Read More

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An Ocean without Shore

In a previous post (“Excuse me, are you Homo duplex?”) I made an attempt to understand what Iqbal means when he distinguishes between the “appreciative self” and the “efficient self.”  I am now going to make a second… Read More

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Freedom and Responsibility

According to a frequently quoted hadith, the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, is reported to have said: “actions depend on intentions.”  The subsequent wording of this hadith clarifies that what is being asserted is that… Read More

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