The Secrets of the Self (1)

Asrar-e Khudi (1915) was Iqbal’s first attempt at presenting a comprehensive statement of his mature philosophy. The fact that it was composed in Persian verse rather than in academic prose was partly due to the poet’s desire for… Read More

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Religion in Two Dimensions

Religion comes in two dimensions: religion of the Self, and religion of the ego. I use these two terms in a quasi-Jungian sense. Religion of the Self is difficult and challenging. Since you cannot be born into it, you… Read More

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Iqbal’s Challenge to Psychology

This short poem by Muhammad Iqbal is included in his second collection of Urdu verse, Bal-i Jibril (Gabriel’s Wing), published in 1935. It is titled “To the Psychologist.” Go beyond the world of thought, if you dare There are still unexplored islands in the… Read More

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