In biology, adaptation refers to the process by which a given species adjusts itself to the contingencies of its environment by means of variation and selection. In the present context, adaptation involves the deliberate transformation of our habitual ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—i.e., our behavior—in order to adjust ourselves to the rapidly changing social and environmental condition. In the age of Collapse, such adaptation must include spiritual transformation through grieving, acceptance, and a renewed focus on values.

Jem Bendell and Rupert Read. Deep Adaptation: Navigating the Realities of Climate Chaos. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2021.

Carolyn Baker. Navigating the Coming Chaos: A Handbook for Inner Transition. New York: iUniverse, 2011.

Joanna Macy and Chris Johnstone. Active Hope: How to Face the Mess We’re In with Unexpected Resilience & Creative Power (Revised Edition). Novato, CA: New World Library, 2022.

Roy Scranton. We’re Doomed. Now What? Essays on War and Climate Change. New York: Soho, 2018.

Roy Scranton. Learning to Die in the Anthropocene: Reflections on the End of a Civilization. San Francisco, CA: City Lights, 2015.